The most dangerous viral STD is the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which leads to AIDS. Other incurable viral STDs include human papillomavirus (HPV), hepatitis B, and genital herpes. Syphilis can have very serious problems if left untreated. It's easy to cure with the right treatment.
Most people who have trichomoniasis don't have any symptoms. HPV is the most common sexually transmitted infection. There are more than 40 types of HPV. They can infect the genitals, mouth, or throat.
Most men and women who are sexually active will get at least one type of HPV at some point in their lives. When you're planning to spend a hot night under the covers, you might not want to think about STDs. If you're happily in love with your long-time partner, you might not think you have to. But the possibility of infections and diseases is just as much a part of sex as it is fun.
Both men and women get them. Even if you didn't realize it, it's likely that you've had an STD. Knowledge is power when it comes to your sexual health. Recognizing symptoms is a start, but you won't always notice chlamydia, gonorrhea, herpes, and other STDs.
You'll need to get tested to protect yourself and your partner. Fortunately, all of these common STDs are treatable and most can be cured. Nearly everyone who is sexually active will get HPV at some point. It is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the U.S.
UU. More than 40 types of HPV can be transmitted sexually. You can get them through vaginal, anal, or oral sex. You can also get them through skin-to-skin contact.
Most types of HPV have no symptoms or cause harm, and the body eliminates them on its own. But some of them cause genital warts. Others infect the mouth and throat. Others can cause cancer of the cervix, penis, mouth, or throat.
Three vaccines (Cevarix, Gardasil and Gardasil) protect against these types of cancer. Gardasil and Gardasil-9 also protect against genital warts, vaginal cancer and anal cancer. The CDC recommends that young women and men ages 11 to 26 get vaccinated against HPV. The HPV vaccine is also approved for women and men up to age 45.Talk to your doctor to see if it's right for you.
A Pap smear can show most cervical cancers caused by HPV at an early stage. Chlamydia is the most commonly reported STD in the U.S. It is mainly infected through vaginal or anal sex, but it can also be contracted through oral sex. Sometimes you'll notice strange discharge from your vagina or penis, or pain or burning when you urinate.
But only about 25% of women and 50% of men have symptoms. Chlamydia is caused by bacteria, so it is treated with antibiotics. After treatment, you should get tested again in one to three months, even if your partner has been treated. Talk to your doctor about when to get tested again to make sure the infection is gone.
Gonorrhea is easily treated with antibiotics. Syphilis is a complicated disease with four stages. In the primary stage, the main symptom is a sore. Syphilis is sometimes called the great imitator because the sore can look like a cut, ingrown hair, or a harmless bump.
The secondary stage begins with a rash on the body, followed by sores in the mouth, vagina, or anus. Symptoms usually go away in the third stage, or latent. This stage can last for years or the rest of your life. Only about 15% of people with untreated syphilis will develop the final stage.
In the last stage, it causes damage to organs and nerves. It can also cause brain problems. Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics to treat syphilis. The sooner treatment starts, the less antibiotics you need and the more quickly they take effect.
All that's needed is skin-to-skin contact, including areas that the condom doesn't cover. A person is most contagious when they have blisters, but they don't need them to transmit the virus. Since herpes is a virus, it cannot be cured. However, you can take medicines to control it.
More women than men get trichomoniasis, which is caused by a small parasite. Men and women can transmit it to each other through contact between the penis and the vagina. Women can infect each other when their genital areas touch each other. Only about 30% of people with trichomoniasis have symptoms that include itching, burning, or pain in the genitals.
You may also notice a foul-smelling, clear, white, yellowish, or greenish discharge. It's important to get tested again within three months after treatment, even if your partner has also received treatment. HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. It is transmitted through body fluids such as blood, semen, vaginal fluids, and breast milk.
You can get it by having vaginal or anal sex with an infected person without a condom, or by sharing a needle with someone who is infected. You can't get HIV from saliva or from kissing. Symptoms of HIV infection are vague. They may feel like the flu, with muscle aches, fatigue, or a little fever.
You may also lose weight or have diarrhea. The only sure way to know if you've been infected is to take a saliva or blood test. HIV can take years to destroy the immune system. After a certain point, the body loses its ability to fight infections.
There's no cure for HIV, but strong medications can help people with HIV live longer lives. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. . .